All posts by Peter Holland

Clausewitz Rulebook v0.5.0

I’ve updated the rulebook with all the recent changes that have happened in the background and this is now fully up to date.

What is Clausewitz?

For those who have stumbled across this site recently, Clausewitz is a Corp level game designed primarily for 6mm Napoleonic warfare. I always wanted a Napoleonic game which focused on the whole battle but where what the individual battalions actions were still important to the outcome. Therefore in Clausewitz although the basic unit is the Brigade, those brigades are made up of individual elements called Battalions or Squadrons. Think of this like individual models inside a squad in a game like 40k or AoS.

The key features of Clausewitz include:

  • A departure from the traditional IgoUgo turn sequence and instead relies upon chips drawn from a bag to represent a Generals actions in the turn (with each turn representing 10 minutes of battle).
  • The game is driven by your Generals, they must position themselves and activate the right units at the right time in order to win the day.
  • Objectives – There are six objectives and units can only claim an objective (and therefore score points) if a General has ordered them to do so.
  • Mini-Game – there is an optional fun mini pre-game to the main event in which your light troops determine the deployment zone in the upcoming battle.
  • Formations matter! Brigade formations and individual unit formations are presented in an intuitive fashion. The players must ensure that their units are in the right formations for the task at hand!

Alternatively there are two mods on Tabletop Simulator just for Clausewitz, the first being the test bed which is used to test the various rules as they are implemented or adjusted and the second being the Battle of Elchingen 1805, where the Austrians attempt to defend against the French advance.

Test Bed

Battle of Elchingen

So why not give it a go and send your feedback to help me improve it?


I’d like to standardise the base size across the units on the game.

Currently this is set to 40mm wide but no specified depth. I’ve been using 40mm X 30mm with two dice holders to show the formation and number of combat dice.

An example of the current basing on tabletop simulator

I’m now considering making all bases sizes 40mm square. There are two reasons for this;

1) it will allow players a little more room to make diorama bases.

2) if the player feels inclined, instead of using a die to denote the formation they could make three different base styles up for column, line and square.

The benefit to this is that it would also give the battlefield a more realistic look.

adjustment to damage mechanic

Some play testers had reported that going into column to attack enemy positions was at times too difficult and that attacking columns would rarely reach enemy positions. Therefore, I’m going to try a new damage mechanic for formations in the game.


When an attacker shoots at an enemy column, instead of causing double damage as had previously been the case, the attacker will instead be able to re-roll unsuccessful “Fire!” rolls.

For example, in the image below a British brigade with its three battalions arranged in column formation is attacking a French position held by a Brigade with three battalions in line formation.

British Brigade in column attacks a French Brigade in Line.

The French roll their combat dice for their “Steady” roll as normal, needing 5+ to succeed.

After rolling twelve dice for their “Steady” roll, they roll four successes, three sixes and a five.

“Steady” Roll

The French player now rolls these four successes as their “Fire!” roll, however, as the unit they’re aiming at is in column formation, they are able to re-roll any failures.

The British brigade is at long range, therefore the French player will need sixes to hit.

“Fire!” Roll

The French player rolls four dice and doesn’t succeed in rolling a single 6, however as mentioned before they are able to re-roll unsuccessful rolls as the target is in column formation. Re-rolling all four dice sees the French player make a hit. The British therefore suffer 1 damage to their morale on the Brigade and roll a D6, on a roll of 5+ they lose a combat dice for that Brigade. They must also now make a morale test.


For attacking units in Squares the rules are similar to those above, apart from the attacker is able to re-roll both “Steady” rolls AND “Fire!” rolls.

Hopefully this means that Brigades don’t suffer quite such catastrophic damage as they were previously.

Please let me know what you think to these rules in the comments below.





Clausewitz (A Synopsis)

It’s been a fair while since I’ve written anything and for that I sincerely apologise.

Life, as always gets in the way of planning a good wargames ruleset.

After such a long time I thought it would be best to summarise what the rules look like so far (including changes to the command and control).

Each player has a number of deployment markers (min 5), which they will use to determine their deployment area. Players can be granted additional deployment markers if their army possess units with the “Deployment Marker” special rule.

After a roll off the winner decides which table edge they would like and the loser takes a marker and places it in contact with their own board edge, they then move this marker 15cm. The other player does the same.

Deployment Areas determined by Deployment Markers

On the players second deployment turn, the can choose either to place another of their markers on the table and move that (as they did in the first deployment turn), or they can choose to move their original marker another 15cm.

All markers must either be within 30cm of a table edge or 30 cm of another friendly marker. If a marker moves to within 30cm of an enemy marker    then both markers remain at 30cm apart and are considered “locked”.

Both players continue to move their markers until all markers have been locked.  The players may then deploy their units in their deployment zone which has been determined by the area in which their deployment markers enclose.

Game Essentials
All measurements within Clausewitz is done using centimetres, and the game is designed to be played on a 6’x4′ table.

Generals must spend actions to activate their divisional generals. This is done by sending an ADC marker to the divisional general, once this reaches the general they are given a objective number as their target in the game. From this point onwards that divisional general and their units can only score victory points for claiming that objective.

Each additional general activated adds a further five chips to the bag for that force.

Command and Control

Each unit and each General in a game of Clausewitz has a rating of 1 to 5. When ordering units to act the owning player must roll equal to or higher than the combined rating of the general issuing the order and the unit receiving the order.

Generals of Division can only issue orders to their own Division, Commanders-in-Chief may issue orders to any units. An order costs a general one of their actions.

The distance between the target unit and the general also has an impact on how effective that unit may be. For every 8cm of distance between the two the target unit loses an action point that turn.


Units in Clausewitz is considered to be a number of bases which represents the battalions or squadrons along with the Brigade General.

Each Brigade has a number of stats. Morale and actions; both of which are shown on the brigade generals base, and Combat Dice and formation and which are shown on the battalion and squadron bases.

Each unit also has stats for how well they are able to fire their weapons and how effective they are in combat.

Brigades have five actions, which can range from changing formation, firing and movement.

Game Mechanics

I have the overall aim of making Clausewitz simple to play but also with a realistic element to its general play. For example the orders system where units need to receive orders from their general before moving or attacking and those generals in turn needing to receive objectives before acting themselves.

Movement is all based on the historical information of unit marching distances. Therefore in a ten minute turn you’ll find using all five actions on a unit of line infantry will move them 10cm which equates to roughly a third of a mile.

Firing is done by actions as well with each unit able to use its combat dice to shoot, first rolling for their steady roll (usually 5+) with any successes here being rolled for hits. The range of the weapons are also historically accurate with muskets having a long range of 4cm and effective range of 2cm.

Formations have different effect on the units themselves. With column being able to move at a quick march rate but being vulnerable to artillery and small arms fire. Line formations effective at shooting but awful when charges by the enemy.

Morale is always the key in this game and sometimes if you find an attack has not been successful it may be wise to return the attacking troops to your own lines to allow them to recuperate.




An Adjustment to Command & Control

Following some testing with the new command and control system I’ve decided to make a number of adjustments. This is mainly because the game was inadvertently slowed down in the earlier rounds of the game.

Therefore, going forwards I’m going to retain the ratings of both Generals and Brigades, however I’m going to reintroduce ADC’s to activate Brigades.

I’ve outline below the principles of activations and ordering. On top of the below I’ll also be introducing some new Division orders which can be carried our by the General of Division, where he can order his entire division to advance, fire, change formation etc.


  • Players start with 5 chits which represent their Commander-in-Chief’s (CinC) actions.
  • Chits are drawn one at a time from the bag, with the colour chit drawn from the bag denoting whose general may act.
  • A CinC may activate a General of Division (GD) by spending two action points (this would require actions to be saved until the player has enough to use), once they do so, an Aide-de-Camp (ADC) is placed in base-to-base contact with the CinC and may use 5 actions to move towards their target – an ADC moves a 8cm per action.
  • Once the ADC reaches the GD, the player may choose which objective that Division has been assigned by placing a dice marker on the ADC. A maximum of two objectives can be given to any GD, however, another ADC must be sent to the GD to do so.
  • Once the GD is activated, another 5 chits are added to that players hand and are drawn next turn with the other chits. Once again, these chits represent the GD’s actions for the turn.
  • A GD may then also spend two action points (again requiring them to be saved), to activate units within their division. If this is done, the process is that same as for activating a GD aside from there are no chits added to the draw bag for the next turn.


  • Activated units can then be “ordered” to act in any turn. This is done by their GD issuing an “order” for one action point to the target unit. A combination of the Generals rating, and the Brigades/units rating determines what score is needed on 2D6 for that unit to act that turn.
  • When rolling the order dice, for each number below the target order score, the Brigade loses an action. (i.e., if the target score is 7 and the roll is 6, then the Brigade loses 1 action and may only use four this turn, if the roll is 5, then the Brigade loses two actions, and so on).
  • A General ordering a unit within their Division that is within 8cm of their base, receives no modifiers to the command roll. So if the target score is 7, the player needs to roll 7+ on 2D6.
  • However, for each full 8cm that the target brigade is away from the General, a modifier of -1 is applied to the dice. For example, a GD is ordering a Brigade within its division which is 18cm away from the General. The required target score is 7, however as the Brigade is over 16cm away (8cm x 2) the command roll will suffer a -2 modifier. So in actual fact a roll of 9 is required on two dice for that Brigade to retain its five actions that turn.
  • A natural roll of 12 on 2D6 for ordering is always a success and also gives the target Brigade an additional action, meaning that it can use six actions that turn instead of five.
  • A natural roll of 2 on 2D6 is classed as a blunder and neither the General or the Brigade can act any further that turn.

All of these changes should speed up the command and control of the game, and the game itself considerably. But as always let me know your thoughts.





Revised Command and Control

Command and Control has been a big in my side since I began this voyage of writing my own ruleset.

I’m hoping to end up with a set of rules that will be fairly accurate to the time period as well as being fun to play.

The issues people were finding with the current command and control system was that once all the units were activated the game slowed down considerably and each turn could take many minutes to complete. I believe the solution that has been created fixes a lot of these issues going forwards.

Therefore I’d like to re-jig the command and control as follows.


Brigades are no longer activated via ADC’s from the Commander-in-Chiefs stand. Instead these ADC’s will carry the orders (objective target) to the General of Division. At that point the whole of that General’s Division is given the objective specified as its target.

Therefore there is now also a reduction on the number of chits involved, as chits will no longer represent each individual brigade in the field but each action for a General of Division level or higher. For example, drawing one chit allows that General to use one action (place the chit next to the General to mark this). Each General can use a maximum of five chits per turn.

Each General and each Brigade will be given a rating of one to five, one being excellent and five being poor. So for example, a Brigade of French Old Guard would be rating one and Marshal Ney may be rating 2.

General Mack – a first rate General?

If a player wishes to activate a unit that turn the General of Division must spend an action point to give them an order (which they can only do if they are within 20cm of the Brigade). By combing the Generals rating and the Brigades rating (in the example above this would be 3 – 1 for the Old Guard Brigade and 2 for Marshal Ney) you have a target value for success. The player rolls two D6 dice and if they roll equal to or higher than this value then their orders are correctly understood and that Brigade may use its five actions that turn.

If a General fails on giving an order by a value of 1 (i.e., the target value is 7 and the General rolls a 6), then that Brigade still acts but its number of actions is reduced by 1. A score of two lower than the target roll reduces the Brigades actions by two, and so on.

If a General rolls a natural 12 on the two dice then the target Brigade gains an additional action and may use 6 actions that turn. However if they General rolls a natural 2 on two dice then the General has rolled a blunder and the General may issue no further orders this turn (this still occurs even if the General is rating 1 and the target unit is rating 1), and the player will have to roll on the blunders table given later on.

Once a General has given an order to a unit that Brigade may use all of its five actions offensively if it wishes (i.e. advancing and taking objectives).

Defensive actions are always available to units that have not acted that turn or units that have acted but have reserved some of their action points for defensive actions.

I’ve no doubt this will be polished a lot before the final version of the rules are released but I feel this is a step in the right direction.





Battle of Elchingen 1805 Scenario

I’ve recently finished the first scenario for Tabletop Simulator which can be used by playtesters.

The Battle of Elchingen was chosen as the battle itself takes place between two fairly small and evenly matched forces of French and Austrians. The battle itself took place three days after the Battle of Haslach-Jungingen where the Austrians were badly mauled by the French. So, although in this scenario the Austrian’s have many more units than the French, a lot of these consist of only 2-3 combat dice each while the French units are roughly double this value.

Austrian forces holding the ridge between Ober-Elchingen and Unter-Elchingen

The battle starts at 8am where the French have to repair a Bridge over the river Danube in order to attack the Austrian forces and then head towards Ulm to block Mack’s retreat and keep him boxed in so that the Austrian’s are forced to surrender.

The Austrians hold the high ground between Ober-Elchingen and Unter-Elchingen while a small force is posted on the northern bank of the river to delay the French crossing.

The Bridge over the River Danube

In this scenario, the French player must first rebuild the bridge (done by rolling construction points each turn), then push forward and assault the ridge. Victory points are awarded for holding the river crossing, Ober-Elchingen and Unter-Elchingen.

Historically Marshal Ney was victorious in this battle by mid-afternoon, and for his performance Napoleon gave him the title of 1st Duke of Elchingen.


One of the purposes of building this rule set was to enable myself and other like-minded individuals the opportunity to compare their performance to that of the General commanding at the time. Therefore, if you achieve the below conditions you can safely say that you outperformed your historical counterpart.

In this scenario each hit counts as roughly 20 men killed or wounded.

The French
To beat Marshal Ney the bridge must be repaired by 10am and your forces must suffer less than 43 hits. You must also have captured all three objectives by turn 42.

The Austrians
To beat Feldmarschall-leutnant Riesche you must hold Unter-Elchingen and Ober-Elchingen until at least turn 42. You must also suffer less than 300 hits on your forces.


At the end of each turn players count up the number of objectives where only units of their forces are within 10cm of that objective, if any enemy units are also within 10cm then neither side scores the VP.

At the end of the game the player with the most VP wins a Tactical victory. The player with the most hits caused wins a Strategic victory. If a player is lucky enough to have both then they are considered to have won a major victory.

Plans are being drawn to also turn this into a single player game where the player can choose which force they would like to control. The other force will be controlled by the A.I. (by which we mean a pre-determined move or actions depending upon your own movements and actions). This however is a little way off yet.

To try this out download it from the Steam Workshop today.





Clausewitz Rules v0.3.2

Following the updates posted yesterday and the skirmish rules posted earlier in the week, I’ve released the latest version of the rules both on this website and on the Tabletop Simulator mod.





Rulebook Adjustments

So following on from some further testing carried out by members of the Discord server this week, they made some excellent points in regards to some of the rules I’m going to mention below.

It’s become more clear with testing that its not entirely clear which units can fire when performing a firing action. Therefore I’ve changed the Fire! action to read as:

Fire! (Cost: 1 Action Point) Offensive or Defensive The Brigade can fire all its available combat dice assigned to the units at the front of the Brigade. Each unit can fire at any units directly to their front.

This is for units which are firing on the flank of battalions that are formed in line. I’ve added the following paragraph in the firing section:

Enfilading Fire
Units which fire on the flank of a unit in line formation are performing what is called enfilading fire, when this occurs the target unit receives double damage.

I’ve added the following section to the rulebook under melee:

Flank and Rear Attacks
Units which are attacking the enemy in the flank receive a +1 modifier to their combat dice roll, while units attacking an enemy in its rear benefits from a +2 modifier.

It became apparent through testing that units could take advantage of units that were fleeing but unable to move due to having no actions left and so being able to constantly cause damage to them. Therefore I’m replacing the following wording:

If the unit fails by a value of more than 2 then the unit will flee the remaining number of actions at 3cm per action and end its turn facing directly away from the enemy


If the unit fails by a value of more than 2 then the unit will flee 3cm away from the enemy plus its remaining number of actions at 3cm per action and end its turn facing directly away from the enemy

I’d forgotten to clarify in previous versions how many combat dice can be used by each unit depending upon their formation. Therefore I’ve added a Benefits and Cons section to each in the rule book:

Benefits: Can use all combat dice when firing. Does not suffer extra damage from artillery attacks.
Cons: Cannot use the quick march action. Can be vulnerable to cavalry attacks.

Benefits: Can use the quick march action and the Brigade benefits from +1 to their morale rolls for each unit inside the Brigade in this formation. Cavalry effects are reduced.
Cons: Can only use a quarter of their combat dice (rounded up).

Benefits: Cannot be charged by Cavalry and the Brigade benefits from +1 to their morale rolls for each unit inside the Brigade in this formation.  
Cons: Can only use a quarter of their combat dice (rounded up). Cannot move.

I’ve changed this slightly so that Brigades can only be a max of three units wide.


A speed play option has also been suggested, this is being considered further.

All of the above changes will be reflected in version 0.3.2 which will be released on the website and on the steam mod on Sunday (possibly along with the Russian army).





Revised Russian Units for v0.3.1

Following the updated rulebook I’ve re-written the Russian unit stats to go alongside these.


Russian Infantry Units

You’ll see that I’ve divided the main infantry (line and light) into three rungs of Recruit, Trained and Veteran. This is to reflect the training and experience of units in campaign situations. If playing matched play games I would advise using trained units a base.


Russian Cavalry Units

Any of the above can also be included in the Russian Imperial Guard, if you are taking any of these units as Imperial Guard, then include the Drilled special rule and in the case of Cossacks remove their Cossacks special rule.


Russian Artillery Units

A half company of Russian artillery contained six pieces, and in the case where 6 pounder cannons were used there were four cannon and two unicorn howitzers.

Once again, any artillery units that included as part of the guard add the Drilled special rule.

As always if I’ve made a mistake or you believe something needs to be revised please let me know in the comments.